Dated: April 2012
Land plays a vital and central role in the economic, social-cultural and political lives of both individuals and communities. Given its centrality in the socio-economic and political spheres, national goals such as economic development, poverty reduction, social and political stability are closely linked to land. Land provides the livelihood base for the bulk of the population especially in the rural areas where agriculture is the main occupation. Despite their importance, land and environment in Kenya have suffered decades of mismanagement that has led to the current state of degradation. There are many knowledge gaps that remain on how to effect the provisions through institutional arrangements, for effective environmental management.
This paper draws lessons from the existing cases of community participation in environmental and natural resource management to inform the ongoing land reforms.